EPIC conducted and published the first regional assessment of seabird populations for the Lesser Antilles. For islands with current population counts, partners provided data. However, for the majority of islands, small teams boated, swam to, and hiked every island, islet, or cay above the high tide level to check for seabirds, covering 3,162 nautical miles and over 200 islands, islets, and cays. The research took more than two years and revealed at the time that 4 of the 18 breeding species of seabirds found were represented at globally important levels. At the time of publication, there were 10 breeding seabird species, six colonies of regional importance, and the key threat was identified as human disturbances. Numerous Caribbean researchers and policymakers have referred to this ground-breaking study to better understand one of the critical indicator species, seabirds, and use their status to guide further efforts to protect and restore fragile island habitats.