Hurricane Matthew, an immense Atlantic Hurricane, barreled into Haiti with its full fury in October 2016. Winds of 150 miles per hour coupled with feet of rain wreaked havoc on the impoverished island nation, knocking buildings over, flooding farms, and leaving a path of destruction as it moved over the county.
The small village of Boukan Chat, where EPIC has been working on Black-capped Petrel conservation for the last four years, took a direct hit from a large mass of rain as the storm passed over the island. The associated flooding from the storm caused massive mud slides and high winds caused the destruction and loss of many roofs. Thankfully, no lives were lost in the village but destruction to property and farms was widespread. Almost 100% of the annual crops in the village were destroyed during the storm.
EPIC and its partners Plant with Purpose and Grupo Jaragua have been working with farmers in Boukan Chat to create farm structures which protects soil during storms. Many areas farmers had placed these soil retention systems were spared during the storm. In fact, a fair number of farmers using the soil retention bars successfully harvested crops and were able to provide for their families. This example of successful conservation farming reduces financial pressure on communities living near colonies of the endangered Black-capped Petrel, a secretive seabird which returns to its mountain burrow nest at night. Our goal is for people and petrels to thrive while living side by side, conserving essential forest nesting habitat which also prevents erosion on nearby farms.
EPIC just returned from Boukan Chat where we continued our work with farmers to protect petrel habitat. We look forward to working with additional farmers, increasing the use of soil retention systems on farms, and improving the odds for protecting petrel populations.
Additionally, we met with teachers with whom we work to educate the youth of the community. We created a blueprint EPIC’s educators will follow over the next year to continue teaching the primary school aged children about land conservation topics. A local artist created stunning murals on water cisterns, cisterns sponsored by our supporters, showing the beauty and majesty of the rarely seen petrel.
Furthermore, while in Boukan Chat, we carried out radar surveys to monitor petrel population trends and located petrel nests in the community that we will follow throughout the nesting season. The Save the Devil film team followed our work, capturing the continuing story of petrel and land conservation issues and efforts.
This season marks the seventh year EPIC has been working to conserve Black-capped Petrels on Hispaniola. Working alongside conservation partners, education experts, and villagers, we have made a substantial impact towards conserving Black-capped Petrels. The future of petrels in the Caribbean looks hopeful and we’ll continue working towards a brighter future for the wildlife and people of this region.
Help EPIC reach it's fundraising goal by the deadline of May 1, 2017. It's easy, donate online!
Sewage is gross, right? We don't want it in the ocean, right? Well, Slurpy is here to help! This sewage pumpout boat comes when boaters call because their sewage tank is full and they need to get rid of the waste. Once Slurpy's tank is full, she heads back to pump her tank out into a larger, safe and secure land-based tank. This waste is then taken by a septic truck to a wastewater treatment facility to get cleaned up.
It's a process, but one we think is much needed, considering how much pollution is going into the Simpson Bay Lagoon. There is a lot of land-based sewage too, but at least we are doing what we can to address boat-based sewage. Boaters in the Lagoon want this service, too, otherwise they have to wait for the bridge to open to go out to sea or just dump it where they are (yuck). Our survey of boaters showed that 86% would use the service and customers are lining up to take advantage of this much-needed service.
Sewage pollution causes a bad odor, transmits diseases, creates mats of algae, and reduces oxygen in the water for fish and other sea creatures. We already see some of these problems in the Lagoon, but it doesn't have to be this way.
With donations from the community, we were able to buy Slurpy, which was really exciting. The thing is, now we need to make sure she is running well. We recently had to upgrade her batteries and then there's insurance, which may not sound that interesting but we were so glad to have it when Hurricane Gonzalo knocked out Slurpy a couple years ago.
As our customer base continues to grow, Slurpy will become self-sustaining. But for now, we really need your support to make sure she keep doing her job, keeping pollution out of the Lagoon. Thank you for caring!
The Green Key jury of Sint Maarten, convened by Environmental Protection in the Caribbean (EPIC), has determined that two hotels have met the stringent environmental and safety criteria required to receive this prestigious award. This is the third consecutive year that Princess Heights Luxury Boutique Condo Hotel has achieved the Green Key while Holland House Beach Hotel on Front Street in Philipsburg has received its first Green Key award. They are part of an elite group of 2,500 Green Key establishments in 53 countries.
The Green Key Program is a leading standard for excellence in the field of environmental responsibility and sustainable operations within the tourism industry. The quality of the program is maintained via thorough documentation and periodic audits. It is recognized by the World Tourism Organization (WTO) and United Nations Environment Program (UNEP).
“Considering our significant overall growth, it became even more important to focus on sustainability and to reduce our environmental footprint. The Green Key program helped us to identify areas of concern and has proposed great solutions which led to improved efficiency of the hotel, thereby creating a win-win situation” Paul Boetekees, Director of Holland House, explained.
There are four principles which together form the basis of the Green Key program. The first principle is education, to educate not only the staff of the hotel but also the guests and local community. Secondly, the program is constantly on the lookout for the latest innovations in order to reduce the overall environmental footprint. Lastly, the Green Key adds value to the site and offers a promotional advantage when establishments show their engagement with the environment and sustainability issues.
Princess Heights Hotel Assistant General Manager Arnaldo Phelipa said, “It is always gratifying to be certified by Green Key another year after our great efforts during the year to meet their environmental standards. We are honored to have become pioneers of hotel green practices on St. Maarten. After three consecutive years of compliance we have strived to be a responsible and sustainable business and encourage other properties to join these eco friendly practices. I would like to thank our passionate and engaged team for the work they do every day. It is our company philosophy that being environmentally and socially responsible is sound business practice. Congratulations to the Holland House Beach Hotel on receiving this prestigious award ".
Environmental Protection in the Caribbean (EPIC) is the national operator of the Green Key Program and, along with the local Green Key jury, manages the certification of hotels such as Princess Heights and Holland House. The program is run internationally by the Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE). FEE is a global foundation based in Denmark from which they operate a total of five programs. All of these programs are geared towards building a sustainable future through education.
“We are excited to see the Green Key Program growing on Sint Maarten. Corporate Social Responsibility is essential to a healthy community and environment and the Green Key award is an exceptional tool for demonstrating this concern” noted EPIC President Natalia Collier.
Kippy Gilders is the newest intern for the foundation Environmental Protection in the Caribbean (EPIC) and will coordinate a three-month Wetland Outreach Campaign. She has been a sailor her whole life and, from June 2013 to July 2015, circumnavigated the globe. Having grown up on St. Maarten and being environmentally active throughout the years, she went on to complete a Master’s degree in Environment and Resource Management at the VU Amsterdam. With high season in full swing, this internship is the perfect opportunity to put her environmental knowledge and sustainable boating experience to use as our waters are bustling with tourists and marine traffic.
Tell us about yourself
Since the age of two I grew up on St. Maarten attending the MAC and St. Dominic High School. My parents met while my mom was living and working in South Africa. My father was sailing around the Indian Ocean at the time and they decided to sail away together. They got married in Seychelles and sailed as far as Thailand before going back across the Indian Ocean to Mayotte, where I was born. They continued around Africa, along the coast of South America and up the Caribbean chain. When we came across St. Maarten we decided to settle down. Until I was nine years old we lived on our boat in the lagoon before eventually moving to land and throughout the years I continued to sail and participate in regattas on the island.
I completed my Bachelor of Science at the University College Utrecht (UCU) with majors in Life and Environmental Sciences. While back on the island I came across the incredible opportunity to circumnavigate the globe with Ready. Set. Sail!. As this had always been on my bucket list I decided to take a break from academics and commit myself fully to this endeavor. With just two years scheduled to sail around the world, I was aware that approximately half of this time would be spent at sea with little or no connection to the rest of the world. When we were on land we did our best to organize clothing and food donation drives, beach cleanups and participate in reef research. After this life- changing experience I was very excited to move to Amsterdam to complete a Master’s degree.
What did you study for your Master’s degree?
I studied Environment and Resource Management at the VU Amsterdam. This programme is very internationally oriented and open to students from all disciplines. This creates a fascinating multidisciplinary atmosphere to train the next generation of environmental decision-makers to find solutions for societal problems related to natural resource depletion and environmental change. Essentially, this degree outlines how to consider all aspects when designing a management scheme - a sustainable future is one where the economy, society and environment are equally important.
What topic was your thesis on?
I was accepted to complete my thesis research in Micronesia through The Nature Conservancy. Small island communities in this part of the world are highly threatened by the impacts of climate change, especially sea level rise as many of the islands are only a few meters above sea level. Therefore, these communities must either adapt to their changing environment or migrate to higher grounds. The research for my my thesis evaluated how the community could harness the environment to adapt to climate change.
For example, rather than investing money into constructing seawalls to reduce the effects of sea level rise the community could invest their time to plant and restore mangroves along the coast. Constructing a seawall would require an initial investment, maintenance, eventual replacement, and often makes the situation much worse if not properly executed. However, healthy mangroves would prevent coastal erosion, reduce storm waves, and replenish fisheries along with a multitude of other benefits. Methods such as mangrove restoration are referred to as ecosystem-based adaptation and are gaining popularity due to the significant amount of co-benefits to the environment and society.
How did you come across this intern position?
With the last few years being a whirlwind of sailing and studying, I decided to return home to St. Maarten after my Master’s degree. I would like to do what I can for this island before looking for work internationally so when I heard about this position I was very interested because it combines my two greatest passions - sailing and the environment. This campaign, running from January to March 2017, is funded through the Be the Change Foundation (http://bethechangesxm.com) and mobilized by the EPIC Foundation.
Why should we care about wetlands like the Lagoon?
Sustainable practices are necessary as the lagoon is essentially a closed ecosystem. With limited recharge from the open sea, whatever is placed in our lagoon is likely to stay there and build up over the years. With the rapid development of the island, we have concentrated large numbers of people around our wetlands without providing proper infrastructure like sewage lines to keep waste out of the water. Therefore, businesses and homeowners should be aware that their wastewater flows into our ponds and lagoons.
I believe that people who live on boats are some of the more environmentally conscious as they can directly observe the repercussion of their actions and a single boat on its own has very little impact on the environment. However, a group of boats such as a fleet of regatta competitors or a full marina will have a much more dramatic effect and should be particularly conscious of their actions. Thus, it is especially important to promote sustainable practices this time of the year when our waters see the most marine traffic.
In short, how can we be more environmentally friendly?
Businesses and homeowners should have proper functioning septic systems or other disposal methods which should be pumped out when full. In a similar fashion to houses, most boats also have tanks to contain wastewater and perhaps the most significant way for boats in the Lagoon to be more environmentally friendly is by using Slurpy, the sewage pumpout boat. This service is provided by the EPIC Foundation through The Business Point after a survey in 2008 demonstrated that there was a demand for such a facility. In areas where boat communities are dense and there is a lot of urban development, high concentrations of sewage causes algae growth. This algae growth and decay consumes oxygen and causes the death of marine life, leaving algae as the dominant life form. Certain corners of the Lagoon (i.e. Cole Bay corner) already exhibit these conditions.
How will you be spreading the word of environmentally friendly practices?
For the most part I’ll be assessing and raising awareness for Slurpy the pumpout boat by conducting a short survey and being present at cruising and racing venues around the island. I will also be promoting the Blue Flag for Boat Owners campaign. This allows individual boat owners to participate in the Blue Flag programme by signing a pledge stating that they comply with the Blue Flag for Boat Owner's Environmental Code of Conduct. This has a number of commitments such as “Not throwing litter into the sea or along the coast”, “Not releasing toilet water into fresh waters, coastal waters and sensitive areas” and “Using the most environmentally friendly products that are available and work efficiently”. Lastly, I will be organizing events to raise funds in support of conservation and education related to the Simpson Bay Lagoon and reaching out to businesses and citizens to increase awareness of practices which help to protect our precious remaining wetlands.
Establishments who are interested in partnering with EPIC to become more environmentally conscious and boat owners who want to commit to the Blue Flag pledge can contact Kippy at: email@example.com. To schedule an appointment with Slurpy call on VHF Channel 10, phone on +1 (721) 544-315, or email at firstname.lastname@example.org. For more information surf to www.epicislands.org.
Working to conserve the endangered Black-capped Petrel is a rewarding and multi-faceted effort. In 2012 we began by learning more about one of the Caribbean’s rarest seabirds using marine radar, which led to finding new petrel colonies throughout Hispaniola; most recently we’ve learned that these secretive birds nest right next to farmers living in Haiti at 6,000 ft., among the highest mountains in the Caribbean.
After mapping petrel colonies in Hispaniola and studying threats to this endangered species, it became clear that the main cause of the petrel’s population decline is habitat loss.
Poor farmers, working meagre soil at the highest elevations in the Caribbean, live each day on the brink of catastrophe. The struggle for enough water and adequate soil for growing crops is a daily challenge for farmers in Haiti. This past October, when Hurricane Matthew slammed into the village of Boukan Chat, Haiti, it left in its wake massive mudslides, widespread loss of livestock and the destruction of most fruit-bearing trees in the village. This type of storm can easily leave farmers, who need to support their families, with no choice but to go up into the surrounding forests to cut down the same trees that Black-capped Petrels require to survive.
EPIC, along with its partners, is now working with farmers and families in Boukan Chat to become more resilient to catastrophic events like Hurricane Matthew and to protect the resources they need to support themselves. We are working with Haitian farming groups to farm more sustainably, planting crops that are robust and have high yields. The farmers are learning the benefits of protecting the surrounding hillside forests and other techniques which prevent erosion and keep moisture in the soil.
Recently we addressed the local water shortage, due to several years of drought, by supporting the construction of three community water cisterns (see the video), assuring farmers and their families a stable water source even in the driest of seasons. These cisterns were funded 100% by supporters of EPIC and its partners. And just this past month, to address the monumental loss of fruit trees in Boukan Chat, EPIC and our partners again reached out to supporters to help fund a community greenhouse tree nursery. In just one week, our community stepped up and raised the entire amount required to complete the project!
As the Black-capped project leader, I want to say thank you to all who support our work in Haiti with the Black-capped Petrel. Your generosity provides an opportunity for farmers in Boukan Chat to farm more sustainably, support their families, and gives the Black-capped Petrel a fighting chance to come back from the brink of extinction.
I am excited to share EPIC's annual report and the vital work you’ve helped make possible this past year. The breadth and scope of our programs continue to expand, furthering EPIC’s impact throughout the Caribbean Basin.
In the Greater Antilles, we’ve focused on the Black-capped Petrel, an endangered seabird. Our conservation work, centered in Haiti and the Dominican Republic, included an educational curriculum, sustainable farming initiatives, and even a petrel mascot and soccer team sponsorship. This year we also expanded research on the species to include field surveys in Jamaica.
In the Lesser Antilles our education program on Sint Maarten continues to thrive, reaching record numbers of participants, while also building on tourist industry eco-label awards. In the Grenadines, a training workshop for citizen scientists increased participation in the Grenadines Volunteer Patrol.
At a ceremony on Friday, two sites on St. Maarten were awarded the Blue Flag eco-label for the fifth year in a row. The Blue Flag is bestowed annually on beaches and marinas throughout the world that meet strict environmental and safety criteria. Divi Little Bay Beach Resort and Yacht Club Isle de Sol were commended for their standards of excellence and voluntary efforts towards environmental sustainability.
Environmental Protection in the Caribbean (EPIC), which organized the event, is the National Operator for the Blue Flag Program on St. Maarten and responsible for conducting site audits each year and assembling a local jury to review applications. The program is run internationally by the Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE) and includes over 4,000 beaches and marinas in 49 countries worldwide.
EPIC President Natalia Collier welcomed attendees, observing “The commitment of honorees Yacht Club Isle de Sol and Divi Little Bay Beach Resort cannot be overstated. They have overcome local challenges, such as recycling, in meeting the criteria, serving as leaders in sustainable tourism and best practices.”
Photo: J. Coffey
Fishermen, conservationists, and tour operators from throughout the trans-boundary Grenadines gathered to learn how to identify seabirds, collect nesting data on remote islands, and act as advocates for wildlife conservation. Nineteen participants took part in a two-day workshop on Union Island in St. Vincent and the Grenadines, which was organized by the non-profit organization Environmental Protection in the Caribbean (EPIC).
Participants had one day of classroom instruction from experts in their field during which they voluntarily signed a pledge establishing their commitment to the program. The following day they took part in a guided field trip to nearby seabird colonies to test out their new skills and binoculars. Afterwards, they practiced entering their data and learned about the procedure for being reimbursed for expenses incurred while conducting seabird surveys.
|Environmental Protection in the Caribbean||